Prof. Irina Boyko
Prof. Irina Boyko
Irina Boyko is a full professor and head of the International Economics Department at the Institute for International Business and Law, Saint-Petersburg National Research University of Information Technology, Mechanics and Optics (ITMO University). She is also director of non-government Center for Regional and Innovation Policy.
She has been teaching economic growth and technological development for many years, visiting universities in Russia, US, Finland and France. She is the principal author of the textbook “Economics of World Crisis” (Palmarium Academic Publishing, Germany, 2014) and the books: “Economics and Technology: the Past and the Presents” (2011), “Basic Principles of Innovation Driven Economy” (2005), “Technological Breakthrough: Before or After Economic Growth” (2001) and the co-author of the book “Technological modernization of the Russian Regions” (2010). International expert, Professor Emeritus of PereayslavKhmelnitsky State Pedagogical University (Ukraine).
INSME: Can you give us a wrong and a right definition of innovation?
Ms. Boyko: Innovation (technological innovation) represents a drastically new technology, containing the R&D component, selected by private company for fulfilling its commercial ends (usually for the production of new products or processes). To act successfully, we need a strict definition of innovation, otherwise we will loose a chance to respond properly on the current global challenges.
INSME: Do you think that nowadays economic players are conscious enough of the opportunity that the international dimension represents for being innovative and of the benefits they could get back? If they are not, which is the main obstacle?
Ms. Boyko: Not, because the international environment today is very flexible, which means increasing risks for long-term investments, required for technological innovations.
INSME: How can worldwide networks like INSME help public bodies, stakeholders and intermediaries to foster innovation in favour of SMEs?
Ms. Boyko: Good question! It’s very important to understand innovations as only one decisive tool in overcoming the global economic crisis, undermining the peace and stability in the world. In other word, economic development and, specifically, take off from the global disruptions should be related with innovations. Only INSME, as international organization committed to innovations could create and disseminate new knowledge about innovation and initiate a pilot project (I propose, cooperative project among the local S&M, researchers and administration) to produce a model of learning-by-doing for the further replication through the INSME network. I could state from the Russian experience, the Russian S&M are needed an exogenous knowledge support and international communications for “thinking globally, but acting locally”. Besides, we very much need an intellectual alternative to war and instability. Please, take a lead!
INSME: Which is, according to your experience the most effective way to help SMEs and entrepreneurs to be innovative?
Ms. Boyko: We need a new understanding of economic development, new knowledge for actions, new people on top, new interactions among intellectuals and business. We need a precedent of success to disseminate it rapidly among international society. Learning-by-doing! A good starting point might be – creation of information space, applicable for actions and interactions.
INSME: YOUR INNOVATION MOTTO…
Ms. Boyko: Schumpeterian “creative destruction”…in evidently destructive time the international community needs knowledge, cooperation, wisdom and a really innovative drive for rapidly taking off.